What Exactly Is Fracking, And Is It Really That Bad?

by Moin Uddin Ahmed Tipu

Fracking, the controversial method of extracting natural gas from deep beneath the ground, is gaining popularity. But is it safe?
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This is how it works: A well is drilled wayyyy down into the shale layer—this can be a mile or more beneath the earth’s surface. Once it reaches the shale, the well is then drilled horizontally, which again can extend for a mile or more.

Then a fluid mixture containing water, sand, and a bunch of chemicals is blasted down the well at extremely high pressure, breaking the shale apart. As the gas is released from the rock, it flows into the well, where it can be sucked up to the surface to be collected and separated from the fracking fluid.

The whole part where the rock is blasted apart by high pressure fluid is where the technique gets its full name: ‘hydraulic fracturing,’ or fracking for short.

#fracking #environment #technology #science #seeker #elements

Read More:

How Has Fracking Changed Our Future?

“Debate rages on about whether these worldwide reserves can be tapped safely, and whether environmental damage from fracking natural gas will outweigh the gains from using a fuel that is cleaner than oil or coal, but remains a fossil fuel nonetheless. A few viewpoints on both sides of the issue follow.”

Fracking 101

“Although American entrepreneurs have known for more than a century how to crack open rocks deep below the earth’s surface to access trapped fossil fuel deposits, fracking gained a serious foothold in the nation’s energy market only in the past two decades.”

EPA Concludes Fracking a Threat to U.S. Water Supplies

“The EPA report found evidence that fracking has contributed to drinking water contamination — “cases of impact” — in all stages of the process… resulting in contamination of groundwater resources.”
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39 comments

Xhaust January 6, 2021 - 6:19 PM

6:22 Unfortunately those energy sources rely on fracking too. They need gas peakers to equalize grid variability.

Nuclear neither needs fracking nor a lot of space. It also does not emit GHG during power generation. Small modular reactors, which are heading for market entry, may replace peakers due to their smaller size and reduced cost.

my super e-mail address January 6, 2021 - 8:57 PM

I would fact check the point where the methane concentration in water was high. As of my understanding, methane does Not dissolve in water under domestic pressures and i think the videos of people lighting their tap water on fire are probably fake or due to another compound

SolitaryGrunt January 6, 2021 - 9:20 PM

It is fine. She didn’t do her research. Never mentioned that fracking is done thousands of feet below the water table. Never mentioned that it produces oil outside of the Appalachia region, which we rely of to make everything in a modern world. 80% of a Tesla is plastic polymer cough cough Yes baby it’s nasty but so is every industry. If you enjoy your modern lifestyle, please offer viable suggestions cause I’m not listening until you’re living in an all organic hut with no plastics or electronics in your life.

Dee B January 6, 2021 - 9:38 PM

How to they make those tubes go horizontal tho.

Soorya Kiran January 6, 2021 - 9:40 PM

Whoever thinking this is bad, as a petroleum engineering graduate, my paper was on polymer flooding. Which is on an other level.😅

Philip Moore January 6, 2021 - 10:24 PM

Hey Seeker, could you show a factually accurate picture of “frac”? You obviously have no idea.

Philip Moore January 6, 2021 - 10:27 PM

Completely reliant on government subsidies? WRONG!

Philip Moore January 6, 2021 - 10:32 PM

Let me just tell you how much that fluid is mismanaged, Seeker is 100% lying to you.

Philip Moore January 6, 2021 - 10:33 PM

We know what every single chemical is because it’s required to be reported to the FDA, the EPA, and local, State, and Federal governments on a daily basis. Seeker lying again.

Philip Moore January 6, 2021 - 10:38 PM

Uses millions of gallons of water huh? Well I bet there hundreds of times that much in the swimming pools of you people against fracking.

OilandGasGuru January 6, 2021 - 11:46 PM

Wow, thought this was a science channel. Every other sentence has ridiculously inflated or outright fabricated comments.

Anmol Shrivastava January 6, 2021 - 11:55 PM

She's definitely a solid 10! Already have crush on her 😍❤️

andrew levine January 7, 2021 - 6:48 AM

How could fracking contribute to green house gasses more than coal when only a small amount of methane is leaked. But in coal 100% of methane is released to the atmosphere.
She is so full of rubbish she should wright fairy tales.

gaurav chaudhary January 7, 2021 - 7:48 AM

I m in love with u😍

January 11, 2021 - 1:53 AM

Make a video explaining why US gov subsidizes fracking.

Wesley DaBes January 12, 2021 - 2:49 AM

Fracking is virtually harmless if done properly. The issues that get so publicized are due to improper fracking where they don't fill the well (typically with concrete) or they just leave the liquid in the well to seep through the ground. The other issue that people see is the improper disposal of the fracking liquid. If you follow all these rules, fracking only leaves a "scar".

N K January 12, 2021 - 3:42 AM

No. It's not bad; it's a safer alternative to drilling. Anyone saying otherwise is misinformed.

Joe Saotome January 12, 2021 - 5:58 AM

I'm from Southwest Oklahoma, there is a fault line in the Wichita Mountains. Every year we would have hundreds micro quakes but we felt less then a handful.. that is until they started Fracking around the region. Noticeable quakes increased by 300%! Farmers and ranchers who depended on ground water started getting contaminated water from their wells. Fracking is not safe.

Mitchellman January 14, 2021 - 8:11 PM

If you’ve never had to shower in fracking polluted water, consider yourself very lucky, you get out and smell worse than when you went in and you’re all oily.

Nekminute January 15, 2021 - 1:24 PM

Stop fracking, invade a country instead !

Bret Wood January 19, 2021 - 5:07 AM

Fracking may not be the best, but there are also environmental problems with the production of the "cleaner" methods such as wind and solar. Truly the best form of "environmentally friendly" energy is either nuclear or hydro. But at the moment, until a "end all" solution is found it is logical to improve on ALL forms of energy. Making them cleaner, more efficient or cheaper in some way.

UV January 20, 2021 - 1:43 PM

RuPaul! We're looking at you! Your repetitive outfit designs can escort your frackoulous @$$ out the gay door.

Your wigs smell like methane, letch!!!

sofia waqasi January 20, 2021 - 2:29 PM

Since 2018 renewables have been cheaper than fossil fuels and are more profitable, there’s no reason for governments to build new fossil fuel plants

Dhruv Mane January 21, 2021 - 4:49 PM

This video seems bent on cherrypicking for one sided narrative. You know someone is keen on bullshitting when they present fracking as bigger planet killer than coal. There's another study by University of Michigan which shows coal is 100 times as much as polluting when you factor the entire process. Its not like methane is not released when you mine coal or lithium for electric vehicles. There are issues with fracking but technology is also evolving that can greatly reduce the negative impacts.

Kenneth Walter Green January 23, 2021 - 6:54 AM

Stop the damned fracking

Jay Bojorquez January 25, 2021 - 9:54 AM

how bout updates on solar tech advancement? The only reason we haven't switched over is due to its inefficiency. N then there's the acid dumping problem from the batteries it uses

Blain Evans January 31, 2021 - 7:36 AM

Fracking also is not like a traditional oil well, with sites becoming dormant 80% faster.

Brett Wilkins March 11, 2021 - 2:02 AM

Can you guys weigh the positive and negative effects of green energy. I've heard the materials used to make batteries, windmills and solar panels are pretty toxic and damaging to the environment.

W March 11, 2021 - 1:17 PM

Do electric car next. It’s a total hoax.

Goldstream Mining March 14, 2021 - 4:19 PM

You are a liar kid, you should be banned from youtube.

0 0 March 18, 2021 - 7:54 PM

Moving towards unbiased. Better reporting.

Semjou KING March 19, 2021 - 9:40 PM

Burning tab water.. Case closed 😅

Sergio Arroyo March 23, 2021 - 5:52 PM

Fracking is worth it. She showed one EXTREME example like she said, so that rarely happens then. They don't want you to know that the USA would be self depended on oil.

Brandon Smith April 9, 2021 - 2:24 AM

Similar situation with the mining and “disposal”/ storage of nuclear energy and waste.

Reaper6207 April 9, 2021 - 9:52 AM

Let's see here. Fracking without a doubt, has contaminated well water sources.
Is it safe?!? Really? When drinking water becomes undrinkable, it's probably not exactly safe in the long run.

adro gal April 9, 2021 - 4:43 PM

If one lithium mine, had created a simmilar impact as any fracking well, everybody would be well "informed" and freacking out about it.

Fred Writes April 9, 2021 - 10:07 PM

What the heck, this industry is only surviving on government subsidies? How, just how is this in any way beneficial? Double loss both for the government and the environment. Just focus on clean energy, it can even save the earth in the long run and probly bring us farther than fossil fuels ever would. Why on earth would you waste money on such a failure of an idustry that is fossil fuels, people who support it just lock yourselves up at home you are just ruining the planet for the rest of us.

Brent Senior April 10, 2021 - 2:42 AM

I wonder what long term Impact will be from destroying the earth's surface. If you just destroy all the hard rock that's beneath the ground.d would sink holes not be inevitable

Diego Picadidot April 28, 2021 - 5:51 PM

Kudos for the courage. Facts need a voice!