Home / News / Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia and Azerbaijan's conflict explained – BBC Newsnight

Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia and Azerbaijan's conflict explained – BBC Newsnight

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Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet republics in the Caucasus region, has flared up in recent days. But what is behind the current outbreak and who stands to gain?

The two countries are clashing over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, which is officially part of Azerbaijan but is run by ethnic Armenians.

The current fighting is the worst seen in decades, and both sides have blamed each other for the violence.

Armenia and Azerbaijan went to war over the region in 1988-94 and eventually declared a ceasefire. But they have never reached a settlement over the dispute.

Newsnight’s diplomatic Editor Mark Urban reports.

#BBCNews #Newsnight

Newsnight is the BBC’s flagship news and current affairs TV programme – with analysis, debate, exclusives, and robust interviews.

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42 comments

  1. Avatar

    thank you BBC. i am pleased that you can help us understand exactly what is going on there.

  2. Avatar

    Somebody needs to put sultan Erdogan in his place.

  3. Avatar

    Shame that the bbc has completely lost credibility

  4. Avatar

    2:44 Beautiful 💋💋love u💋💋

  5. Avatar
    Karine Mkrtchyan

    The Peace

  6. Avatar

    The western media outlets always back Christians,be objective.%20 percent of Azerbaijani territory is under occupation.Armenia commits war crimes and even chains its own soldiers in order to prevent them from fleeing.Why don't you show them ? I think Azerbaijan is completely right in its fight against Armenia.The disputed region was also populated by Azerbaijani people but they were slaughtered and exiled.Try to be objective and don't believe in what extreme-nationalist Armenians say.

  7. Avatar

    sikim ermeninin qanini

  8. Avatar

    Hit the Like button if you support Azerbaijan. 🇦🇿 💪
    👇

  9. Avatar

    This channel misleading the world. If armenia values their citizens life, stop sending these 18 year old kids to defend imaginary, unrecognized republic of nagorno karabakh!!! Stop occupying your neighbors lands, stop blaming other countries for your own mistakes!!! Your kids are dying in there!!! These two countries use to live together without any problems and they can do it again…

  10. Avatar
    Mushfig Ibrahimov

    Main points you need to know on Karabakh, Azerbaijan

    1. Nagorno-Karabakh is not a disputed territory.  This is the territory of Azerbaijan.  Both historically and officially recognized by the whole world, including Armenia.

    2. Armenia has occupied not only Nagorno-Karabakh, to which the claimant is Yerevan, but also 7 Azerbaijan regions around it, which Armenia was not going to give up all these years peacefully.

    3. The war is not on the territory of Armenia.  The Azerbaijani army is not trying to seize the territory of Armenia or any part of it.  The war that began with the occupation of the territories of Azerbaijan more than 30 years ago and as a result of which up to 20% of the territory of Azerbaijan was occupied, is the liberating one to get the lands back to Azerbaijan.

    4. Azerbaijan could liberate its territories 30 years ago.  Could also do that during 30 recent years.  Our country has a numerical superiority of the army, a numerical and qualitative superiority of equipment and military weapons.  And if you ask why this has not been done before the answer is that as a result of the ceasefire in May 1994, the parties pledged to resolve the conflict peacefully and to do it with the help of mediators – the OSCE Minsk Group.  Unfortunately, over all these years, official Yerevan has not shown the political will for the peaceful liberation of at least 1 cm2 of the occupied land.

    5. Azerbaijan has repeatedly said that we are adherents of a peaceful solution to the conflict.  However, with Nikol Pashinyan, the negotiation process has frozen completely, his statements contradicted the peaceful settlement of the conflict, and the increasing shelling of civilians living on the front line only transferred the conflict from partially frozen to unfrozen.  The last straw in the cup of patience of official Baku was the shelling of civilians in Azerbaijan in the front-line zone this morning on 27.09.2020 🇦🇿♥️🇹🇷💪

  11. Avatar
    Stockfritz Komodo

    Karabakh is Azerbaijan.

    https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/nagorno-karabakh-region-belongs-to-azerbaijan-says-ethnic-armenian-historian-2018-11-21-3/

    https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/avigdor-liberman-considers-azerbaijan-as-israels-reliable-partner-and-voices-support-for-its-territorial-integrity-2020-10-5-35/

  12. Avatar

    Support for Armenia 🇦🇲
    Love from Croatia 🇭🇷

  13. Avatar

    I am really surprised to see that BBC is doing unilateral journalism.Keep supporting racist Armenians !!

  14. Avatar
    Elmer T Fuddrucker

    Counting on Russia and Turkey to stop this war. Good luck with that. Don't forget that Iran is going to get their two cents worth .

  15. Avatar

    Please Read about S.korea rigged Election!
    https://mobile.twitter.com/thedailybeast/status/1313539601932398598?prefetchtimestamp=1602029526448

  16. Avatar

    BBC showing destroyed civilians houses and administrative buildings you don’t event write that it’s an Azerbaijan city located 20-30 km away from even contact line with Nagorno Karabakh. The city of Ganja. Instead you showed it like Armenian or Nagorno Karabakh cities and places. And not only Ganja city, Mingachevir (where strategic facilities like electric station is located), Shamkir, Fuzuli, Agstafa, Tovuz, Terter, Beylagan, Yevlakh (where passes Baku Tibilisi Jeyhan oil pipes, which also provides fuel to Europe) and many other nearby towns of Azerbaijan, again repeating myself that they are located far away even from border and contact lines. These cities and towns are being shelled by Armenian army the whole week. And current war escalation stated after another shelling from Armenian side again and again.
    Besides, the main point, in the beginning of 90s, it was not just some kind of anger between nations, but “simply” Russian army together with Armenian army violently committed massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis in Nagorno Karabakh. Only those who could flee from their homes, could get shelter in other cities of Azerbaijan, currently we have more than 1.2 mln refugees who were displaced by force from Karabakh!!! You are a private international tv channel, you must have neutral positions and show the facts as they are, and you must get to know the facts before preparing such a video material. Go and just read NYTimes of 1992 and 1993 articles to get information from a neutral party, New York Times. There are a lot video materials on youtube even which proves massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis in Kharabakh. That was not just killing people in big numbers, as the word stands for, it was a inhuman violations, can’t even describe the happening 🙁 you can easily find all the material. Be fair and be really objective at your news!!!

  17. Avatar

    By the way why then Armenia signed the WTO and declared its borders do not include Karabakh at all, putting it in Azerbaijan.

  18. Avatar
    Виктор Седов

    0:6 If you are from USA, Canada, Australia, NZ, or EU I will setup your blog and setup it to earn money w h a t s a p p +7 9 6 7 1 5 7 0 5 8 1

  19. Avatar

    support from cyprus for armenia!

  20. Avatar

    ki JESUS IS COMING TO RAPTURE THE CHURCH!!! REPENT OF YOUR SINS AND ASK HIM TO COME INTO YOUR HEART AND BE LORD OF YOUR LIFE & DEVOTE YOURSELF TO HIM BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE!!! THINGS WILL GET WORSE AND WORSE, WE ARE IN THE END TIMES (READ REVELATION IN THE BIBLE)!!!!! 💓💜💚

  21. Avatar

    Fingers crossed, the Armenians will win this war. With help from the Russians.

  22. Avatar

    Israel is profiting off war …

  23. Avatar

    2:30 – Btw this footage is from shelling of the second biggest city of Azerbaijan – Ganja by Armenian forces. You can see evn the Azerbaijani flag.

  24. Avatar
    M.ABRAHAM LINGAN

    STOP THE WAR. NOTHING WE CAN ACHIEVE BY BULLETS. INNOCENTS WILL SUFFER. LET THE TWO NATIONS SIT AND TALK TO SOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS

  25. Avatar

    These attacks on civilians in hospitals, schools and homes was orchestrated by Hitler Erdogan and Erdogans right hand man dictator Alyev from Azerbajian . #StopErdogan #StopAlyev

  26. Avatar

    why target to civilian area and hospital

  27. Avatar

    I hope for peace. A peace agreement in which both the Azerbaijani territory integrity and the Armenian people's safety are guaranteed.

  28. Avatar

    ARMENIA, PONTUS, TURKEY JUST CONTINUES ITS GENOCIDES AND YOU'RE SLEEPING!!!!! WORLD!!!! WAKE!!!! UP!!!!! ERDOGAN IS THE NEW HITLER, DON'T YOU SEE IT?????

  29. Avatar

    bbc couldn't explain assasination to hillary clinton. Defund the bbc

  30. Avatar
    AbdulRaheem Siddiqui

    2:33 those look like Azerbaijani flags…

  31. Avatar

    Armenia has 2 decisions to make –
    A. Stay, wait to be erased
    B. Move out, a peaceful ending

  32. Avatar

    tell us! who does the U.N and other legal entities say about Karabkh being Armenia lands or Azari lands??and we know that is occupied Azari lands and we will not rest till its ours again!!

  33. Avatar

    did you say "turkey is on the sideline"? THEYRE DIRECTLY TAKING PART IN THE WAR. your "attempt" to be impartial doesnt trump the facts. one side is clearly determined to conquer and exterminate the other. where is the outrage when christians are being exterminated? armenian peacekeepers served in afghanistan and kosovo, i think armenians in karabakh also deserve the right to be independant, or is that right only reserved for muslims? why dont you show the footage of cluster bombs raining on stepanakert?

  34. Avatar

    Showing locations in ganja of Azerbaijan being targeted

  35. Avatar

    Things to know:

    1. Nagorno #Karabakh is not a disputed territory, it is internationally recognized sovereign territory of #Azerbaijan.
    2. #Armenia occupied not only NK but also 7 adjacent regions.
    3. Recent fighting is not happening in Armenia, it is in the occupied territories.

  36. Avatar

    Things to know:

    1. Nagorno #Karabakh is not a disputed territory, it is internationally recognized sovereign territory of #Azerbaijan.
    2. #Armenia occupied not only NK but also 7 adjacent regions.
    3. Recent fighting is not happening in Armenia, it is in the occupied territories.

  37. Avatar

    11th July 2020, the Armenian army started heavy artillery file to Tovuz in Azerbaijan which is 200 km north of Nagorno Karabakh. Tovuz is strategic because it connects Azerbaijan to Georgia, Turkey with energy pipelines, railway and highway. Azerbaijan could not retaliate because the defense agreement between Armenia and Russia will require any attack on Armenia be retaliated by Russia. On 27th Sep 2020, the Armenian army started moving further into Azerbaijan through Tartar in Nagorno Karabakh. Since Nagorno Karabakh and seven neighbouring regions is de jure part of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan retaliated and started the operation to get back its territory.

  38. Avatar

    First CHRISTIAN COUNTRY is under siege by TURKEY
    Once again

  39. Avatar

    Actual world news. I have absolutely no idea what is going on outside of US politics.

  40. Avatar

    🗽Let be peace 👑🌎👑🕷🐞KMS 🗽

  41. Avatar
    Andi Sadeed Said

    3:19 Its Turkish.. Not Turks or Turkics..

  42. Avatar

    Thank you for true historical statements!!! They were killing us after Soviet Union collapsed! We will not allow another genocide! Stop Azeri aggression!

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