Home / News / Avoiding war in the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict – BBC News

Avoiding war in the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict – BBC News

Despite calls for a ceasefire from the US, Russia and France – fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh continues to intensify.

The BBC’s Ros Atkins looks at the history of the conflict, the reasons it’s escalated this week and why some warn it could become a regional conflict.

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24 comments

  1. Avatar

    Why allowing terrorist Pakistan 🇵🇰 and ISIS supporter Turkey 🇹🇷 to support in the name of religion. These country deserve to be black listed.

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    Armenian is occupying state in Karabağ ,

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    Thanks BBC for unbiased news.
    It would be nice to hear something about more than 1 milion displaced Azerbaijanis People. Todays live there only 150000 Armenian, but 30 Years Ago there were more than 1 Milion Azerbaidjani People, but almost had no gun und no Army. Children killed by Armenia – Khojaly genocide. Since then, 1 million Azerbaidjani people have become refugees, more than 1 Milion displaced by Armenia. I hope this People will come back to their Homes.
    Azerbaidjan is Voice of SİNLESS CHİLDREN , and of Justice 🇦🇿
    Respect for Azerbaidjan 🇦🇿
    Karabagh is Aserbaidjan 🇦🇿
    #StopArmenianTerorismus!

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    🇦🇿🇦🇿🇦🇿🇦🇿🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷😄😄😄😄🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣

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    Karabagh is legally recognized part of Azerbaijan!

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    Is there any country , which can fight with Russia , no only Turkey

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    Azerbaijan conducts exercises in its territory

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    Karabakh – Azerbaijan🇦🇿❤

    Karabakh is one of the ancient historical regions of Azerbaijan. The name Karabakh is a combination of the words “gara” (black, big) and “bagh” (garden, land). The word “Karabakh” as a name given by Azerbaijani people to their land first appeared in primary sources of the 7th century. 
    In dealing with the subject of Karabakh, the first question to be answered is: where is this place and which areas of Azerbaijan does it cover?  The answer to this question is especially relevant today for any understanding of the “Nagorno-Karabakh problem” created by the Armenian separatists. To answer this question we will refer first to Mirza Jamal Javanshir Garabaghli, the vizier of the Azerbaijani Karabakh khanate, who wrote in his book The History of Karabakh (1847):
    "According to the ancient history books the borders of Karabakh region are as given below: the Araz River in the south, from Khudaferin Bridge to Sinig Bridge.
    The eastern border of Karabakh is marked by the River Kura that flows into the River Araz in the village of Javad and runs into the Caspian Sea. The northern border is the River Goran that stretches from Yelizavetpol (Ganja province is meant) to the Kura river which splits and reaches the Araz at different points. In the west it is bordered by the Kushbek, Salvarti and Erikli mountains – the high Karabakh mountain range.”
    A detailed description of Karabakh’s territories and borders during the first period of  Russian occupation and colonialism is drafted on the following basis:
    1. This information was written by an official directly involved in Russia’s governance of Karabakh, in other words, the information is based on official documents;
    2. Further, this is not only grounded in reality and experience, it is also backed up by primary sources. It was not by whim that Mirza Jamal referred to history books to substantiate his position. 
    It is clear that the name “Karabakh” has long applied not just to the political-geographical area “Nagorno-Karabakh” but to the whole territory of Karabakh — its mountains and its plains. In other words, the name "Nagorno-Karabakh” is not a historical toponym, but is a name given to a part of Karabakh in the cause of separatism. Logic supports this argument: if mountainous (Nagorno) Karabakh exists, then plain and lowland Karabakh also exist. This is the reality: there are today both mountainous Karabakh and lowland Karabakh in Azerbaijan. In addition, both lowland and mountainous (Nagorno) Karabakh have been Azerbaijani homelands in all historical periods, home to the people who have the words “gara” and “bagh” in their lexicon. Hundreds of ancient and rare examples of folklore and musical treasures first appeared in Karabakh and are closely associated with this place.
    Several generations of Azerbaijani archaeologists have studied and introduced to the world’s academics the Guruchay culture (Palaeolithic period), the Leylatepe culture (Eneolithic), the Kura – Araz culture (early Bronze Age), the Uzerliktepe culture (middle Bronze Age), the Khojaly-Gedebey culture (late Bronze and early Iron Ages), as well as hundreds of historical monuments of the ancient and medieval periods.  International archaeology has long accepted these monuments as belonging to the history of the Azerbaijani people and these monuments have nothing to do with Armenian history.
    Nagorno-Karabakh lies in the centre of the western regions of the Azerbaijan Republic, part of Karabakh as a whole.  The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region was established on the territory of the Azerbaijan Republic in July 1923, under Soviet rule. The region was 4,400 sq.km in area, or 5.1% of the total area of the Azerbaijan Republic. It included the districts of Shusha, Askeran, Hadrut, Mardakert and Martuni (the last three districts had not been so named until then) and the city of Stepanakert (which was called Khankendi until the early years of Soviet rule). Nagorno-Karabakh is an integral part of the present Azerbaijan Republic and is one of the territories to which Armenians were moved on a mass scale from 1820. Today the Autonomy and seven surrounding regions are under occupation by the Armenian Republic.
    The Nagorno-Karabakh problem is rooted in the 18th century, when Armenians were moved from the Iran Plateau and Anadolu and relocated to Karabakh, a determined policy of the Iranian political elite. The Armenians gradually increased in number and began making territorial claims on Azerbaijan. They continued their separatist activities during the Karabakh khanate and organized campaigns by external forces against it. After Russian occupation of the khanate in 1805, the relocation of Armenians there, as well as to Nakhchivan and Irevan, was intensified. In order to formalise this process some paragraphs were even appended to the Turkmenchay Treaty in 1828. The Armenians began making concrete territorial claims on Karabakh, Nakhchivan and Irevan from the beginning of the twentieth century with strong support from Iran and Russia. In pursuit of this goal, Armenians perpetrated genocide in 1918 throughout Azerbaijan. The main aim was to create a "Great Armenia, from sea to sea”. After the establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918 Irevan, the historically ancient territory of Azerbaijan was ceded to the Armenians and the issue seemed to be resolved. Further, during Soviet rule Zangazur and Goycha were given to Armenia. Thus, Russia and Iran realized their aims not only to separate Azerbaijan from Turkey, but also to split Nakhchivan from Azerbaijan geographically. However, their repeated attempts to annex Karabakh to Armenia in the Soviet era were in vain.
    Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Armenians in Karabakh had already armed and they began operations there in 1988. Large-scale military operations were halted with the signing of a cease-fire in 1994, and Nagorno-Karabakh together with another seven, adjacent, regions of Azerbaijan  – Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fizuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan – were occupied by Armenia. The separatist regime in Nagorno-Karabakh declared its “independence” in 1991. This “independence”, which does not comply in any way with international law, rightly remains unrecognized by any country.
    Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region of Azerbaijan

    Territory- 4,400 sq.km

    Population (1989)-189,085

    Armenians- 145,450 (76.9%)

    Azerbaijanis – 40,688 (21.5%)

    Russians – 1,922 (1%)

    Other nationalities –1,025 (0.6%)

    Nagorno-Karabakh and other, surrounding, regions – dates invaded

    Nagorno-Karabakh – 1988-1992 (Shusha  –  May 08, 1992)

    Lachin –   May 18, 1992

    Kalbajar – April 2, 1993

    Aghdam – July 23, 1993

    Fizuli –     August 23, 1993

    Jabrayil – August 23, 1993

    Gubadli – August 31, 1993

    Zangilan – October 29, 1993

    Victims of agression in Azerbaijan

    Killed –  20,000

    Injured– 50,000

    The Working Group on Assessment of the Casualties and Losses to the Occupied Territories of Azerbaijan that reports to the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan has produced information that more than 800 billion dollars of damage has been caused to Azerbaijan by the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

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    THERE ARE 4 UN DECISIONS The Armenian army must withdraw from Karabakh, but they do not comply. Then they say that Azerbaijan is aggressive.Azerbaijan ends occupation of historical lands. Armenians recruit terrorists from Syria and have no power in Karabakh at the expense of othersIn 1989-1994, the Armenians drove us out of Karabakh, then our army was not strong. There are more than 1 million refugees in Azerbaijan.Let's look at a map in which country is Karabakh located? Azerbaijan. Then let us liberate our lands.That's human rights?NO NO NO  #justiceforkhojaly #justiceforkarabakh    Kim Kardashian's ass is bigger armenian history.

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    Plese All World support Armeniya

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    0:04–0:06 fireworks starts to welcome bbc

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    The isis jihadists are in Azerbaijan, not Karabakh, no need to be mi6 agent to report the news… simple journalism would do.

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    This Azeri land to begin with . If the ethnic Arminian with help of Arminia took advantage of the Azeri weakness at the time and occupied the place , the international community should let the Azeris get what rightfully theirs .

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    ATTENTION ❗️❗️❗️

    🇺🇲To the attention of international organizations and the world community!
    Occupying Armenia is recruiting its civilians to fight in the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan and other surrounding areas. This is unacceptable. Because the Armenian character is known to the world. Tomorrow the whole world will hear that our civilian has died. But it is necessary to ask what the mercenaries brought by you, both civilians and military citizens, as well as from other countries, are doing in Azerbaijan to die. Azerbaijan continues its rightful work. Fighting will not stop until all occupied territories are liberated. If civilian and military citizens of Armenia do not want to die, let them leave their territories!

    🇷🇺Вниманию международных организаций и мирового сообщества!
    Оккупирующая Армения вербует своих мирных жителей для ведения боевых действий в оккупированном Нагорно-Карабахском регионе Азербайджана и других прилегающих районах. Это неприемлемо. Потому что армянский иероглиф известен миру. Завтра весь мир услышит, что наш мирный человек погиб. Но необходимо спросить, что делают в Азербайджане убийцы как мирных, так и военных, а также наемники, привезенные из других стран. Азербайджан продолжает свою законную работу. Бои не прекратятся, пока не будут освобождены все оккупированные территории. Если гражданские и военные граждане Армении не хотят умирать, пусть покинут свои территории!

    🇦🇿Beynəlxalq təşkilatların və dünya ictimaiyyətinin nəzərinə!
    İşğalçı Ermənistan işğal etdiyi Azərbaycanın Dağlıq Qarabağ bölgəsində və digər ətraf ərazilərdə öz mülki vətəndaşlarını döyüşə cəlb edir. Bu isə yolverilməz haldır. Çünki erməni xisləti dünyaya bəllidir. Sabah bütün dünyaya car çəkəcəklər ki, mülki vətəndaşımız öldü. Amma soruşan lazımdır ki, sənin istər mülki, istərsə də hərbçi vətəndaşların, həmçinin başqa ölkələrdən gətirdiyin muzdlu qatillər Azərbaycan ərazisində nə gəzir ki, ölsün də.
    Azərbaycan öz haqq işini davam edir. İşğal altında saxlanılan bütün ərazilər azad olunmayana qədər döyüş əməliyyatları dayanmayacaq. Ermənistanın mülki və hərbi vətəndaşları əgər ölmək istəmirlərsə, əraziləri tərk etsinlər!

    🇦🇲Միջազգային կազմակերպությունների և համաշխարհային հանրության ուշադրությանը:
    Գրավող Հայաստանը հավաքագրում է իր խաղաղ բնակիչներին ՝ պատերազմելու Ադրբեջանի օկուպացված Լեռնային Karabakhարաբաղի մարզում և հարակից այլ տարածքներում: Սա անընդունելի է: Քանի որ հայկական կերպարը աշխարհին հայտնի է: Վաղը ամբողջ աշխարհը կլսի, որ մեր քաղաքացիական անձը մահացել է: Բայց անհրաժեշտ է հարցնել, թե ի՞նչ են անում ձեր ՝ ինչպես խաղաղ բնակիչների, այնպես էլ զինվորական քաղաքացիների, ինչպես նաև այլ երկրներից բերված մարդասպանները Ադրբեջանում ՝ մահանալու համար: Ադրբեջանը շարունակում է իր օրինական աշխատանքը: Մարտերը չեն դադարի այնքան ժամանակ, քանի դեռ չեն ազատագրվել գրավյալ բոլոր տարածքները: Եթե
    Հայաստանի քաղաքացիական և ռազմական քաղաքացիները չեն ցանկանում մահանալ, թող հեռանան իրենց տարածքներից:

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    Bhupendra Bhattarai

    war is not the solution.

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    Abdul Waheed mareezada

    We stand with AZERBAIJAN
    From PAKISTAN

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    khayretv khayretv

    Turkey is taking over the power we love you Turkey let's go

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    Koljem Cetnike Povoljno

    WE WANT WAR! WE WANT WAR!

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    Karabakh is Azerbaijan territory. 🇦🇿🇬🇧🇺🇸❤️👏👍

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    Armenia lost the war

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    FPSC PCS CSS NTS PTS past papers

    Understanding the issue of Azerbaijan vs armenia war 2020 current affairs detailed notes link https://pakgovtjobs11.blogspot.com/2020/10/understanding-issue-azerbaijan-vs.html

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    The world is experiencing all the conditions and the many specific events and signs that were recorded in the Bible indicating the end of the age and Jesus’ promised second coming. Prophecy is about 1/4 of the Bible letting us know what will happen in the future. Jesus stated in John 14:29 “And now I have told you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe.” I have created two spaces that cover a good portion of them that have come to pass with other resources that are also trying to bring awareness, preparedness, and hope for what is very soon ahead. God bless.
    https://www.reddit.com/r/prophecy_watcher/
    https://www.quora.com/q/stevesprophecywatching

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    and what about Georgia which survived the war with Russia in 2008 now it's stacked in the worst geographical place. Russia will conquer Georgia as if just crossing it to help Armenia

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    VAN Վան Հայաստան Armenya

    https://youtu.be/ioPpyxVqfd8

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